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Women in the Mediterranean Mirror - Les femmes dans le miroir méditerranéen

QUADERNS DE LA MEDITERRÀNIA, 7
16th November 2006

The metaphors of the Mediterranean have been many throughout history, as have the perceptions of this interior sea that, today, is seen as a bridge or as a frontier depending on the discourse you wish to present in relation with the problematics of the countries surrounding it.

We have preferred to use the metaphor of the mirror to present the current Quaderns de la Mediterrània-Euromed issue, which we have called “Women, Visibility and Participation”, because of the evocative power of the reflection of the images in water: images that in turbulent moments are usually seen as distorted but that, when the sea is calm, are clear and realistic. Reverberation of lights and sounds which come together in the different cultural imaginaries.

It has been, above all, the anthropologists who have used the specular oppositions between North and South, especially Ernst Gellner (“mirrored”), to talk of inverted images between the Christianity of the North and the Islam of the South, as well as other sociological oppositions. Undoubtedly, we can find these oppositions in the Mediterranean, but many long-term shared practices also take place and, in recent decades, through the unstoppable town development, the expansion of the media and the growing individualization also show greater similarity. We find many of these shared practices reflected on both shores related to women.

Does the Mediterranean act as a mirror that inverts the mutual images? Undoubtedly, the Mediterranean has throughout history reproduced the scenario of confrontations and opposed powers and ideologies. But its space contains a history full of cultural exchanges and blending which are, finally, those which will serve to enable us to meet again if we are finally capable of reinterpreting our history and of seeing our respective heritage as a shared value.

Women in the diverse Mediterranean cultures have been referents of important cultural goods which they have transmitted through time, such as language, beliefs, oral literature, as well as ecological and artistic knowledge. Moreover, thanks to education and training, women have been able to invigorate the business, political, scientific, academic and cultural world over the last few decades. But the status of women on the southern shore is growing very slowly, not only because of mentalities, but also because of lack of resources and real political will.

In Europe, until well into the 20th century, women had not achieved full citizenship rights and, sometimes, the legislation has brought about a retreat in historical moments, to say nothing of the inertia of the patriarchate...


-  Women in the Mediterranean Mirror - Les femmes dans le miroir méditerranéen Maria-Àngels Roque

-  Euro-Mediterranean Ministerial Conference “Strengthening the Role of Women in Societyt”. Interview with Benita Ferrero-Waldner

VISIBILITY AND STEREOTYPES - VISIBILITÉ ET STÉRÉOTYPES

-  Understanding Gender and Culture Relations Traugott Schoefthaler

-  La femme, comme agent de développement et de changement. Le cas du Maroc et de la coopération méditerranéenne Aziza Bennani

-  Clichés of Muslim Women in the West and Their Own World Wijdan Ali

-  Patriarchy and Islam Gema Martín Muñoz

-  Creativity, Dissidence and Women Nawal El Saadawi

-  Rewriting Elementary School Textbooks from a Gender-sensitive Perspective Necla Arat

-  Rethinking Media Representations of Immigrant Women Mary Nash

-  Women in Art, a Politically Unbalanced Relationship Rosa Martínez

-  Rêvons de galeries et de musées ruraux pour fêter nos tisseuses de tapis de l’Atlas Fatima Mernissi

-  Des cuisines familiales aux fourneaux les plus prestigieux. Entretiens avec Maria Gaspard-Samra et Carme Ruscalleda Sylvia Oussedik

PARTICIPATION AND CITIZENSHIP - PARTICIPATION ET CITOYENNETÉ

-  Apports de la Conférence Euromed Femmes Barcelone+10 à la Conférence ministérielle Euromed Femmes de novembre 2006 Anna Terrón

-  Femmes et changements au sud de la Méditerranée Sophie Bessis

-  The Silent Revolution. Family Laws, an Insurmountable Wall for Gender Equality Maria Dolors Massana

-  Femmes, changement social et identité au Maghreb Carmelo Pérez Beltrán

-  Modernité, femme musulmane et politique en Méditerranée Nadia Yassine

-  Pro-Islamic Parties, Gender and Social Class in Turkey Nilüfer Narli

-  Femmes du sud de la Méditerranée : entre l’émancipation et la conscience culturelle Tassadit Yacine

-  L’État laïc grec et les droits des femmes dans le mariage Théophano Papazissi

-  The Visibility and Civil Participation of Women in Cyprus Magda Zenon

-  Gender Equality in North Cyprus (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) Fatma Güven Lisaniler

-  Egyptian Women in Perspective: Rights or Practice? Madiha El Safty

-  Some Reflections on Female Migration and the Internationalisation of Social Reproduction S&ògrave;nia Parella

-  100 Years of Women’s Full Political Rights in Finland Tuula Haatainen

BEST PRACTICES - BONNES PRATIQUES

-  Femmes dans l’espace Euromed. Des attentes... à la mise en oeuvre Mourad Allal

-  La Méditerranée face à ses futurs : relativisme culturel ou universalité des droits ? Esther Fouchier

-  Women and the Right to Education: The Key to Development Rita Levi-Montalcini

-  Promoting Arab Women’s Participation in Public Life: The Quest for Best Practices Soukeina Bouraoui

-  Femmes en mouvement, changeons l’Europe, changeons le monde ! Bilan et réflexions sur la présence et l’intervention féministe au IVe Forum social européen d’Athènes Sonia Mitralia

-  La construction de la citoyenneté entre les deux rives de la Méditerranée. Chronique d’une expérience Maria Grazia Ruggerini

-  The Turkish Women’s Movement: A Brief History of Success Sirin Tekeli

-  Tisser des réseaux de femmes journalistes et agents de la communication en Méditerranée Tona Gusi, Alícia Oliver, Sonia Ruiz

-  The European Commission Supports Mediterranean Women: Three Tales about Making a Difference Rafael Dochao

-  Gender Equality: A Truly Euro-Mediterranean Concern? Anitta Kynsilehto, Tuomo Melasuo

REFLECTIONS - REGARDS

-  Fillette arabe allant pour la première fois à l’école Assia Djebar. Écrivaine

-  Le cinéma au féminin Farida Benlyazid

-  Les nouvelles Shéhérazades Hassan Abbas

-  Sappho, la poétesse Baltasar Porcel

-  Raa, the Pasha’s Cook Juan Goytisolo

-  Visages de femmes en Bosnie : paradigmes Jasmina Musabegovic

-  And She Conceived and Bare Shifra Horn

-  Palestinian Women and the Intifada Joharah Baker

-  Le Sahara : voyage musical à la frontière sud de la Méditerranée Mª Elena Morató

-  De la Méditerranée, des femmes et des livres Claudine Rulleau

-  Web Site Selection / Choix de sites Elisenda Macià, Elisabet Escoto


http://www.iemed.org/publicacions/quaderns/7/eindex.php