Violence Against Women In Egypt

Is it the responsibility of the state or the community?

(35 cases of murder, 30 cases of suicide, 54 cases of rape)

العربية    
 

This report is considered issue no. 43 of LCHR’s Economic & Social Rights series. It monitors violence events published by the Egyptian newspapers in the second half of 2005.

This report aims to present the current image of women in the eye of the Egyptian press, as this type of the media forms citizens awareness and influence their positions, views and habits. This report is full of tragic stories about violence against women and violating their rights.

It is worth mentioning that the LCHR has previously issued a report about violence against women in the Egyptian press in the first half of 2005, it is issue no. 40 of LCHR’s Economic & Social Rights series, and it is available on LCHR’s website.

The First Section, presents the forms of discrimination that women face because of the failure of clauses no. 274, 275, 276 and 277 that discriminate between men and women who commit certain crimes like adultery or murder, as the man is sentenced to imprisonment, while the woman is sentenced to hard labor with a maximum period of 25 years.

This section also presents some forms of social and official violence against women, like in the police station, prison, work or at home.

The Second Section, presents 54 articles that undertake assaulting women during the second half of 2005, like rape and torture, the reasons behind these types of violence have varied between revenge, theft, financial or social dispute and arguments.

The Third Section, presents 27 articles that undertake murder incidents of women during the second half of 2005 for revenge, theft, financial or social dispute and arguments.

The Fourth Section, presents 35 articles that undertake household violence against women during the second half of 2005 because of family or financial dispute and arguments, rape or defending honor.

The Fifth Section, presents 50 articles that undertake marital arguments during the second half of 2005 because of doubt or suspicion, family or financial dispute and arguments, revenge or defending honor.

The Sixth Section, presents 2 articles that undertake official violence against women during the second half of 2005 like assault and threatening by policemen and in police stations.

The Seventh Section, presents 10 articles that undertake violence against women at work during the second half of 2005, like beating to death and assaulting for robbery or rape.

The eighth Section, presents 10 articles that undertake the reasons behind health care negligence for women during the second half of 2005, carelessness or to obtain more money fro the patient.

The Ninth Section, presents 30 articles that undertake women suicide during the second half of 2005 because of despair and desperation, marital, family or financial arguments, failure in the exam, not being able to give birth or mental illness.

The Tenth Section, presents 35 articles that undertake other accidents related to women during the second half of 2005, like burning, road accidents, falling off the balcony, drowning, poisoning, shot or being swindled by charlatans and mountebanks.

Violence against women has been published in the Egyptian newspapers with a total of 253 articles, as follows:

· El Masry El Youm newspaper "65 articles"

· El Ahrar newspaper "45 articles"

· El Wafd newspaper "43 articles"

· Nahdet Masr newspaper "33 articles"

· El Ahram newspaper "18 articles"

· El Nabaa newspaper "8 articles"

· El Khamees newspaper "7 articles"

· El Gomhoreya newspaper "7 articles"

· El Haqiqa newspaper "7 articles"

· El Ommal newspaper "5 articles"

· El Akhbar newspaper "4 articles"

· AKhbar El Youm newspaper "3 articles"

· El Masaa newspaper "2 articles"

· El Tagamoa newspaper "2 articles"

· Saw El Omma newspaper "one article"

· El Ghad newspaper "one article"

· El Fajr newspaper "one article"

· El Gamaheer newspaper "one article"

These violations have been published during the second half of 2005, as follows:

· July 44 articles

· August 49 articles

· September 36 articles

· October 44 articles

· November 38 articles

· December 42 articles

Finally, the report presents some recommendations, like:

· The necessity of amending legislations to be in agreement or harmony with international laws and public principles, in order to eliminate discrimination against women, especially in laws related to imprisonment and punishment.

· We must criminalize all forms of violence against women "official or social".

· Reconsidering and revising the educational contents to exclude all forms of violence and raise the values of equality.

· Support the economic and social rights of poor and working women in the unofficial sector, by providing them with suitable working chances, suitable housing, health and social insurance and raise their pensions to be in agreement with the increasing prices, and provide decent health units in the countryside.

· Organize a national campaign to encourage the government to cooperate with associations, parties and citizens in changing the negative image of women n the society.

The LCHR demands all Egyptians and CSOs to work together in stopping violence and abuse against women in Egypt.

This report will be distributed to our mailing list and published on our website after finishing its’ translation.

Cairo 28/2/2006

Press Release from:

Land Center for Human Rights

Dear friends:

Join us in demanding the government to amend the Egyptian legislation, in order to stop discrimination and violence against women

Address: 122 el Gala’a st-Ramsis Tower-Cairo

Tel/Fax: 02-5750470

E-mail: lchr@thewayout.net

lchr@lchr-eg.org

http://www.lchr-eg.org



28th February 2006



 



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